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Accueil > Animation scientifique > Séminaires passés

Séminaire hebdomadaire UGSF - Arthur R. Grossman -16 mars 2018 - Bât. C9 Salle André Verbert

SÉMINAIRE HEBDOMADAIRE DE L’UGSF

"A Window into the Evolution of Photosynthetic Organelles "

Animé par : Arthur R. Grossman, The Carnegie Institution of Washington and Stanford University, Stanford, CA - Invité de l’Equipe "Génétique microbienne" - Steven BALL, de l’UMR 8576 - Université de Lille

Résumé :

According to the endosymbiont theory of organelle evolution, a β cyanobacterium that was engulfed by a unicellular protist (primary endosymbiosis) evolved into the chloroplasts that are currently present in algae and plants. This successful evolutionary event was thought to have occurred once (monophyletic), about a billion years ago. The long time span separating the initial acquisition of the endosymbiont by its host and its current state as a photosynthetic organelle makes it difficult to reconstruct the evolutionary history of primary plastids. However, recently it was shown that the thecate protist Paulinella chromatophora has a photosynthetic organelle called a chromatophore that was acquired approximately 100 million years ago. Analyses of this organelle are providing us with the opportunity to deduce events that occur during early stages in organellogenesis. Overall, our studies have demonstrated that the chromatophore is a bona fide photosynthetic organelle with a reduced genome size relative to the initial endosymbiont, and it contains numerous proteins that are routed from the cytoplasm of the protist (encoded on the protist nuclear genome) to various compartments within the chromatophore (where the proteins function). I will discuss potential mechanisms of the trafficking of proteins in P. chromatophora and what this system has revealed about evolutionary events and physiological features critical to succesful organellogenesis.

Le vendredi 16 mars 2018 à 11h00 au C9 - Salle André Verbert